Tabor drum

  • The Tabor, ("Tabwrdd" = Welsh) is a small snare drum which is easy to carry and played with one hand.

  • A tabor has a cylindrical wood shell, two skin heads tightened by rope tension, a leather strap, and an adjustable gut snare.

What is it like and when is it used?


  • Each tabor has a pitch range of about an octave: the larger the tabor, the lower the pitch.

  • It is played by just one stick, which usually strikes the snare head. The tabor is suspended by a strap from the forearm, somewhere between the elbow and wrist.

  • The tabor is most widely known as accompaniment for the pipe, especially in the pipe and tabor “one man band”.

Northumbrian Pipes

  • They are smaller than Scottish bagpipes

  • Their sound is quieter

  • They have one chanter with keys and four drones

  • There are usually 7 keys but some bagpipes have 17

  • The Bag made of leather, acts as a reservoir for air so that a continuous supply is available to the chanter and drones. The Bag is placed under the left arm, air is blown from the bellows into the bag.
    The Bellows strapped to the waist and worn under the right arm are used to blow air into the bag through a small tube called a blow-pipe. As the Northumbrian Pipes are bellows blown and not mouth blown the reeds remain dry, hence, last for years, 20-30 years is not uncommon.

  • The Chanter produces the melody. It consists of a hollow cylindrical tube, about 24 cm in length, into which holes are drilled to produce individual notes. The most common chanter is one consisting of eight finger holes and 7-keys.

  • The Drones produce the background harmony. A combination of notes of the tonic and dominant are used. Usually, tonic, dominant and octave-tonic.


Musical pipes


Tabor Pipes – what are they?

  • The three-holed pipe is a form of the folk pipe which is usually played with one hand, while the other hand plays a tabor (drum).

  • This instrument is really called a pipe, but is often called a tabor pipe. The tabor pipe has two finger holes and one thumb hole.

  • The pipe and tabor was a common combination throughout Europe. The English pipe and tabor became less popular, nearly disappearing.

  • It is now used by Morris Dance musicians

  • Traditionally made of cane, bone, ivory, or wood, today pipes are also made of metal or plastic.

Tin whistle

The tin whistle, also called the penny whistle, English Flageolet, Scottish penny whistle, is a simple six-holed woodwind instrument. It is similar to a recorder, American Indian flute, and other woodwind instruments. A tin whistle player is called a tin whistler or whistler.

The recorder

  • The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument.

  • It is blown down one end and the mouth of the instrument is constricted by a wooden plug, known as a block or fipple.

  • It has holes for seven fingers and one for the thumb of the uppermost hand.

  • The bore of the recorder is tapered slightly, being widest at the mouthpiece end and narrowest towards the foot.