A selection of Polish Folk Musical Instuments text + photos:    POLISH FOLK MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 1.html
  1. STRING INSTRUMENTS (CHORDOFONY)

Chordofony/hɔrdɔfɔnɪ/ –a group of instruments In which the twitching string is the source of sound.

Among the Polish folk instruments belonging to this group we can enumerate the following ones:

  • Devil’s violin

  • złóbcoki /zlʊbcɔkɪ/ (Podhale)

  • musical arch

  • mazanki/mаzаnkɪ/ wielkopolskie

  • xylophone



  1. Wind Instruments

Aerofony /аɛrɔfɔnɪ/- a group of instruments better known as wind instruments in which the twitching air is the source of sound. Among the Polish folk instruments belonging to this group we can enumerate the following ones:

  • trombity /trɔmbɪtɪ/ (ligawki, bazuny)

  • fujary /fʊɪаrɪ/

  • piszczałki /pɪʃtʃаlkɪ/

  • bagpipe (wielkopolska)


  1. Short characteristics of chosen folk instruments

Trombity /trɔmbɪtɪ/, ligawki /lɪgаfkɪ/, bazuny /bаzʊnɪ/ – these are kinds of trumpets. These instruments were known for their big size and loud sound they produced. It could be heard even within several kilometers.


Ligawka – a long tube in the shape of an arch that was made of wood.


Trombita- a Goralian instrument made of spruce Wood. Contrary to ligawka its shape is straight.


Bazuna – an instrument used by the fishermen made of poplar or spruce wood. Bazuna is much more thinner than the ligawka or trombita.

Bagpipe- a wind instrument. Bagpipe is a popular folk instrument, especially In the region of Wielkopolska.


BAGPIPE FROM WIELKOPOLSKA- END OF THE 19TH CENTURY

Mazanki – a small string instrument similar in its shape to violin. It’s been used until now in the region of Wielkoplolska.                                                       

 

Złóbcoki – Polish folk musical instrument used In the region of Podhale. It was played by the use of a bow in the shape of an arch. It was tuned like the violin. Its sound was quiet but strident and poignant.