SLOVENE FOLK INSTRUMENTS

ZITHER

The zither is a musical string instrument, very common in Slovenia and mainly used in folk music. It is played by strumming or plucking the strings like a guitar. In slovene language it is called CITRE. Like many other string instruments, acoustic and electric forms exist; in the acoustic version, the strings are stretched across the length of the soundbox, and neither version has a neck. They can be divided into two classes, the fretted ("concert") zithers and fretless zithers. A musician that plays them is called zitherist or zither player.

       

ACCORDION

Accordion is a young folk instrument which developed in 19th century. The most popular type of accordion is a diatonic accordion in our country, informally called FRAJTONARICA. Numerous individuals and private workshops are still manufacturing it. Accordion is indispensable in our national amusing music today.
   


PANPIPES
A particular type of
panpipes was developed in our country and its shape has been kept the same till today. According to some specialists it is the most recognizable popular music instrument, which cannot be found anywhere else in the world…in slovene language it is called TRSTENKE.

     
  

WOODEN HORN

The range of Slovene folk instruments does not include many wind instruments, but the most important among them are no doubt wooden horns. A wooden horn is made of a suitable branch which the maker first cuts lengthways in two halves as accurately as possible, hollows out the central sections, and then glues them together again. The horn is then wrapped tightly in cherry bark. Wind instruments and horns, played by folk musicians to accompany dances, are mentioned in written sources as early as 15th century.


                   


POTTERY BASS

Earthenware bass was once widespread throughout Slovenia. We have different names for him, the most common is LONČENI BAS. It is made from a clay pot with a hole tight across the membrane of the pig's bladder. In the center of the membrane on the inside is heavily lashed cane rod. The bladder is strained and strapped to the pot.We use the earthenware bass to give the rhythm to the melodie.

            

WHISTLE

Whistle from hazel wood may be with or without holes. The slovene word for the whistle is PIŠČAL. On the upper side is the hole so that we can blow the air in and then it gives us a nice sound.

    

FROGS

An instrument that looks like a drum or an earthenware bass with a string. They are also used as a school toy. They made them out of walnut shells, paper, horsehair and wooden sticks. In slovene we call them ŽABICE.